Kuswidananto’s works portrays the history of Indonesia within the complexity of the legacy of aristocracy and colonialism, and all of its consequences. As part of the young generation of artists living in a dictatorship during the Soeharto’s era (Indonesia’s longest-time president), Kuswidananto pays strong attention to revealing the hidden history and to digging into downplayed narratives. At the same time, he questions the almost-taken-for-granted idea of being a state/nation, and this becomes the crossroad for history and identity in his works. His major survey on this subject matter is on Java, the largest ethnicity in Indonesia, which therefore plays a relevant cultural role in the nation.
The notion of identity is a never-ending battle, an on-going process of negotiation and contestation. His previous series were inspired by the images of phantoms and ghosts, which then evolved into a large-scale parade. The parade becomes a metaphor on how identity is formed and enriched by encounters of different cultures and history. The culture that turns out from these encounters goes beyond oppositions such as ‘old’ and ‘new’, ‘genuine’ and ‘false’, ‘traditional’ and ‘modern’, ‘us’ and ‘them’. It leads to a synthesis, what he likes to call a ‘third reality’. This merging or syncretism has become Java’s true tradition, the fuel of a culture that is always in transition. While borrowing lots of identity symbols such as costumes, uniforms, music, masks, and different imagery, Kuswidananto focuses on the fluidity of the symbol itself, because it offers different meanings for different cultural backgrounds as well.
In the On Paradise series, featured in this exhibition, Kuswidananto moves forward towards the history of hidden narratives, and focuses on events that took place in Banten, the western area of Java Island. He found some statements from the Jayabaya’s book (the great fortune-teller of the past), which forecasts that there would be three big disasters: the eruption of Krakatoa, the spread of anthrax disease, and a rebellion of the masses. Kuswidananto carefully studied those three events that actually took place in Banten in order to read them linked to current reality.
The rebellion of the farmers of 1888 was connected with the arrival of modernism—introduced by colonialism—and its opposite values and beliefs to this agrarian society. New structures and new systems were introduced, and Kuswidananto revealed them by randomly installing an ensemble of broken and fragile chandeliers all over the gallery space. Some of the chandeliers are intertwined with one another as if it were a unique structure; however, many parts of the structure are broken and scattered around.
Kuswidananto found the imagery related to the wolf in the diary of a rebel. This man wrote that when he dreamt of the sound of the wolf, he suffered from a strong sense of loneliness, but at the same time he felt he should hold on to this feeling to be able to finish his fight. The artist then turned this lone wolf myth into a mask, and combined it with images of ghosts and musical elements and sounds to echo the tension between combative spirit and loneliness.
One of the most important pieces in the show is a pair of drawing books where Kuswidananto presents all the facts, real and imagined, so that the main three foundations of the whole narrative, from the prediction of Jayabaya, are displayed in almost tragic and comical light.
Kuswidananto investigates different layers of historical narratives to juxtapose them with myth and fantasy, traumas and wishful thinking, and offers us a poetic visual and spatial experience.
Jompet Kuswidananto studied Communications at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta. Originally trained as a musician, Jompet turned to the visual arts and went on to work within the local Yogyakata art community. In 1998 and continuing to the present day, he has worked with ‘Teater Garasi,’ a multidisciplinary collective of artists presenting shows that reflect Indonesian life after the fall of the Suharto regime. In 2014, Kuswidananto garnered a major award for emerging Asian artists, the Prudential Eye Award, for his installation work.
Kuswidananto has taken part in significant national and international exhibitions, including the Yokohama Triennale, 2008; Beyond the Dutch, Centraal Museum Utrecht, 2009; the 10th Lyon Biennale, 2009; Indonesian – Eye, Saatchi Gallery, London, 2011; Phantoms of Asia, Asian Art Museum, San Francisco, 2012; Taboo, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney; 2012; RALLY: Contemporary Indonesian Art – Jompet Kuswidananto & Eko Nugroho, National Gallery of Victoria, Melbourne, 2012; Taipei Biennale, 2012; Asian Anarchy Alliance, Tokyo Wonder Site, Tokyo, 2012; Asian Art Biennale, Taiwan, 2015; and Order and After, Sonica Festival, Glasgow, 2015. Solo shows include Java’s Machine: Phantasmagoria, Osage Gallery, Singapore and Hong Kong, 2009 and 2010; Third Realm, Para-site Art Space, Hong Kong 2010; Third Realm, site-specific project for the Gervasuti Foundation, 54th Venice Biennale, 2011; On Asphalt, Nanzuka Underground, Tokyo and Project Fulfil Art Space, Taipei, 2012; and Grand Parade, at Tropenmuseum, Amsterdam, 2014.
Curated by Alia Swastika
Consultant for the project Maurizio Bortolotti
Media partner That’s Contemporary
Opening Thursday January 24th, 6.30pm
aA29 Project Room Milan
Piazza Caiazzo 3
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M: +39 340 969 1313