The exhibition highlights the orientalist trend in Polish painting, as well as drawings and graphic arts. The works in the exhibition cover a wide period from the 17th to the early 19th centuries. Among others, the exhibition includes drawings by Christian Kamsetzer of his Turkish travels, as well as oriental scenes by artists like Żmurko and Brandt. The artworks exemplify topics related to the Ottoman world, and to a lesser extent, the Near East and North African regions.
One section of the exhibition is dedicated to Stanisław Chlebowski, the court artist of Sultan Abdülaziz. Works by other artists who had visited Turkey, among them Jan Matejko, Wacław Pawliszak, Jan Ciągliński, and Jacek Malczewski, are also included.
Selected from the collections of Polish institutions ranging from the National Museums in Warsaw, Kraków, Poznań, and Wrocław, the University Library in Warsaw, to Łazienki Palace Museum, the exhibition brings together approximately 190 works.
The exhibition is organized as part of the 2014 cultural program, celebrating the 600th anniversary of Polish-Turkish diplomatic relations.