AboutJohn Furnival's prints and drawings connect his antecedents in the Dada and Surrealist movements to his affinities and associations in the early 1960s with the innovators of Concrete poetry, the Beat poets, and the Fluxus and Mail Art movements. Furnival somehow has avoided falling into any one of these specific categories, styles or movements.
Furnival's distinctive métier is âprimarily one of ironic precision and evocation': âiconic exactness is combined with a spirit of semantic complexity and irony', somewhat different from the pared down, minimalist poetics of Concrete poetry. Furnival's method is a kind of verbal/visual accumulation that takes the reductive qualities of Concrete poetry and subjects it to the accumulative poetics and cut-up collage techniques used by Surrealist and Dada artists in the 1920s and '30s, and by the generation of Beat poets and writers exemplified by Brion Gysin and William Burroughs. Furnival creates his own idiosyncratic system, saying that âmy whole work has been involved with the making of a moiré pattern of meaning, the laying of one message over another, unrelated one, to produce a third, unrelated to either.'
Furnival emerged from the Royal College of Art in London in 1959 with an avowed insistence on deliberately exact drawing. His contemporaries included Joe Tilson, Peter Blake, David Hockney, and Ron Kitaj, the RCA pop artists who were inspired by advertising, popular culture, poetry, and mythic figures from the mass media like Furnival, they too had moved on from the dominant action-painting style of the late 1950s. His work shares many of the concerns of British and American pop art, but his vision is somehow more subtle.
Furnival's early hand-drawn and hand-written verbal/visual collages he called them âsemiotic drawings' were witty orchestrations of fragmentary found texts and images, although he said that the words were used in âa non-pop way'. As Nicholas Zurbrugg wrote in a catalogue for Furnival's 2000 exhibition in Verona, one thinks not simply of British pop art, âbut of more timeless poetic composition, such as the French poet Guillaume Apollinaire's early twentieth-century calligrammesâ¦ his work simultaneously evokes both the present and the past, highlighting the social and political paradoxes and contradictions of the here and now, while also affectionately referring back to early twentieth-century artists.'
Zurbrugg likened Furnival's work to the American composer John Cage's multimedia collages of electronic music, radio broadcasts and TV and film images; to literary collages, such as James Joyce's Ulysses or William Burroughs' Nova Express; to the work of those Concrete poets carefully integrating words and images in verbal-visual compositions, such as the Scottish poet, Ian Hamilton Finlay; to the work of language artists, minimal artists or conceptual artists, such as Arakawa, Mel Bochner and Lawrence Weiner; and to the way certain American pop imaging, seen in some works of Jasper Johns, combined the expressionist maximalism of Jackson Pollock's brushstrokes and the formal minimalism of typographic subject matter.'