Paintings, sculptures, installations, videos, films, drawings, photographs, architectural models, design: a thematic offers reading keys of the visitor on the most contemporary art, with works by nearly one hundred and eighty artists fifty architects and designers representing fifty-five countries. Some of the works presented have just entered the collection and many others have shown for the first time.
The history of the art of the past thirty years is part of the phenomenon of globalization, with the emergence, the eyes of Western countries, new artistic territories around the world. 1989 was a year of rupture and the beginning of a new era. The fall of the Berlin Wall led to the discovery of the partially framed art hidden behind the Iron Curtain, while younger generations of the post-communist era began to burgeon. The demonstrations in Tiananmen Square attracted the eyes to a new China whose creation burst onto the international art scene. Hundreds of events dedicated to contemporary art have grown to account for these emerging scenes, beyond the western arena, including the Anglo-Saxon. In the 1990 and 2000 appeared biennial that took place in the international art calendar, such as Sharjah United Arab Emirates (1993), Gwangju in Korea (1995), Manifesta in Europe (1996), Berlin (1998 ) or Moscow (2003) to name a few. A truly multicultural decolonial turn profoundly changed the approach to the art museum. The Pompidou Centre has paid particular attention - and, in some cases, renewed these emerging scenes that reflects the clash, including the countries of the former Eastern Europe, China, Lebanon and several scenes from the Middle East, Turkey, India, South Africa, Mexico and Brazil. The medium of art itself has undergone major changes. The number of artists, galleries and curators has grown exponentially, while art became the subject of a new "consumption" cultural. The market for contemporary art, despite the recession of 1990, has continued to consolidate. Within it, the American and Chinese artists are dominant, despite the breach opened by postcolonial discourse. Subsequent to the explosion of the market, the media art has helped democratize contemporary art while exposing the spectacular. Finally, many foundations and private initiatives have also emerged and taken their place in this world . of the art, new, globalized, contributing to its reformulation Artistically, the advent of virtual realities, Internet and "digital" was a turning point: he notably nullified the definition of a photography "revealed" by light or the autonomy of certain media such as film or video. The sound became a wholly material facilities. The artists have taken advantage of technological developments allowing them to program a computer, linked to the image. The exhibition itself considered by some artists as a medium in itself, could be programmed as a "loop" time, when one considers the work of Philippe Parreno and Anri Sala. Finally, the performance practice experienced a significant revival of interest with the developments to the dance, theater and spoken text.