General Idea. Ziggurat

30 Nov 2017 – 13 Jan 2018

Regular opening hours

10:00 – 18:00
10:00 – 18:00
10:00 – 18:00
10:00 – 18:00
10:00 – 18:00

Mitchell-Innes & Nash Gallery

New York
New York, United States


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Mitchell-Innes & Nash is pleased to announce the gallery’s first exhibition with the Estate of General Idea titled Ziggurat.


The exhibition will be on view in our Chelsea gallery from November 30, 2017 through January 13, 2018 and will feature approximately seven ziggurat paintings alongside works on paper, photographs and ephemera that expand upon the significance of the ziggurat form in the oeuvre of General Idea. Ziggurat marks General Idea’s first solo exhibition in New York since The Museum of Modern Art presented One Day of AZT / One Year of AZT (1991) in Projects 56: General Idea (1996-97).  The exhibition will be accompanied by a fully illustrated catalogue with an interview between AA Bronson and Hans Ulrich Obrist.  

Formed in Toronto in 1969 by AA Bronson, Felix Partz and Jorge Zontal, General Idea is internationally recognized for work that tackled such subjects as the myth of the artist, the role of mass media, the relationship between the body and identity, issues of gender and sexual representation, and famously HIV/AIDS activism at a time when talking about the disease was taboo.  The members of General Idea were key figures in the 1970’s-80’s conceptual art scenes and, with equal parts humor and criticality, created work across a variety of media and platforms. In performances, editions, videos, publications such as their seminal FILE Megazine, sculptures, paintings and installations, the group often occupied unconventional forms of presentation such as beauty pageants, picture magazines, television talk shows, pop-up shops, and various advertising formats.

The importance of the ziggurat to General Idea’s practice cannot be understated.  It is a central and repeated symbol in General Idea’s vocabulary, appearing (either implicitly or explicitly) in paintings, drawings, performances, photographs, sculptures, prints, videos and costumes spanning the group’s existence.  An ancient Mesopotamian architectural structure of steps leading up to a temple, the ziggurat symbolizes as a link between humans and the gods.  The symbol can be found in cultures ranging from Mesopotamia to the Aztec to Navajo Nation. General Idea appropriates this symbol of power and theism, utilizing the form as a framing device to examine questions of branding, architecture and spatial politics.

In an interview with Hans Ulrich Obrist, AA Bronson explains the group’s initial fascination with the ziggurat form;

“We were brought up in the post-war period, and we were interested in the idea of progress and images of progress.  We didn’t believe in progress as a concept.  We were interested in how it dominated the post-war imagination.  If you look at business magazines from the ‘50s, for example Fortune Magazine, the advertising features a lot of skyscrapers, which are always stepped.  This image of the ziggurat always dominates.  It is an image of power or even male power […] the ziggurat came to represent the future, the strength of progress and technological change and the male power of construction.”

The ziggurat for General Idea stands, among other things, as an architectural device communicating fame, money, power and success.  The culmination of General Idea’s architectural pursuits would be The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion, a fictional structure which purportedly housed The 1984 Miss General Idea Pageant.  The Pavillion, as the story goes, burned down in 1984, leaving just a bare ziggurat-shaped foundation of the actual-size floor plan of The Pavillion’s audience seating area.

Felix Partz created the first series of Ziggurat paintings in 1968-69 before the inception of the General Idea group-identity and they were later absorbed into the General Idea oeuvre.  In 1986, General Idea returned to ziggurat paintings, carrying out sketches from 1968-69 that had never been completed.  The later paintings are four-inches deep, which corresponds to the height of each step on the ziggurats depicted, creating a strong object-quality.  Several architectural drawings on view in the exhibition situate the ziggurat form within imagined space.  Silver gelatin prints depict the VB Gown (1975), Miss General Idea’s venetian blind dress that incorporates a ziggurat pattern and for General Idea represents an architectural massing study for The 1984 Miss General Idea Pavillion.

Exhibiting artists

General Idea


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