End User

27 Nov 2014 – 8 Feb 2015

Regular hours

11:00 – 19:00
11:00 – 19:00
11:00 – 19:00
11:00 – 18:00
11:00 – 19:00

Hayward Gallery

London, United Kingdom


Travel Information

  • Tube: Waterloo / Embankment

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Low Animal Spirits


A group of contemporary international artists take a critical approach to the complexities of the internet.

Their artworks examine how the web alters social relations and raises questions about identity, privacy, and the ownership of information.

End User includes work by Cory Arcangel, Aram Bartholl, Ami Clarke and Richard Cochrane, Tyler Coburn, Jon Rafman, Erica Scourti and Liz Sterry.


Low Animal Spirits by Ami Clarke and Richard Cochrane is an algorithm driven by real time data, scripted as a live onscreen score and audio work with automated ‘readers’.  Taking its cue from the oft-mentioned loss of the referent in both language and the economy, it is a live model of high frequency trading, dealing in words sourced from global news feeds for virtual ‘profit’, whilst speculating on their usage.  The analysis produces new phenomena in the form of headlines generated with the help of Natural Language processing algorithms, tweeted @lowanimalspirit.

What to expect? Toggle

Exhibiting artists

Richard Cochrane

Aram Bartholl

Erica Scourti

Ami Clarke

Tyler Coburn

Cory Arcangel

Liz Sterry

Jon Rafman


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